IPPH Featured Research Profiles: Theoretical and methodological innovations

The Canadian Institutes of Health Research distributes federal health research dollars through 13 virtual institutes that champion specific aspects of health. Institutes often partner to fund initiatives of mutual interest or support work of interest to multiple institutes. Many CIHR institutes – including IPPH – fund projects that aim to improve population health and reduce health inequities.

Ethics/law

Project: Confronting cigarette packaging: A comparative study of the ethics and effects of fear-based warning labels

Funding type: Operating Grant (Priority Announcement: Population Health Intervention Research)
Principal investigator: Kirsten Bell, University of British Columbia (Vancouver, BC)

Researchers are examining cigarette packaging legislation in Canada, the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom and conducting interviews with smokers to determine their views on new graphic warning labels on cigarette packaging. Researchers are examining the ethics and effects of these fear-based warning labels and whether there are any unintended consequences of such tactics.

Project: International dissemination of the Ottawa Statement on Ethical Conduct and Ethics Review of Cluster Randomized Trials

Funding type: Dissemination events (Priority announcement: Ethics)
Principal investigator: Monica Taljaard, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (Ottawa, ON)

Researchers disseminated ethical guidelines for protecting human participants in cluster randomized trials to research ethics committees. For more information, visit the project website.

Project: Potential legal and policy implications of medical tourism on international migrants’ access to health care in receiving countries

Funding type: Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship (Doctoral Award)
Principal investigator: Yin-Yuan Chen, University of Toronto (Toronto, ON)

The doctoral student is conducting a systematic review and analysis of laws, court decisions and policy documents from five countries to compare and contrast how health care entitlements for medical tourists differ from those for international migrants.

Project: Smoking on the Margins? Effects of Outdoor Smoke-Free Bylaws in BC

Funding type: CIHR Café Scientifique Program
Principal investigator: Ann Pederson, BC Centre for Excellence for Women’s Health (Vancouver, B.C.)

Health and addictions experts liaised with Vancouver residents to discuss how smoke-free bylaws intended to improve population health can have unintended consequences for vulnerable groups, including women who may not be able to find safe alternative spaces to smoke. Members of a research team looking at the health equity issues of Vancouver’s smoke-free bylaws discussed their ongoing work and how tobacco control policies can be implemented to be more equitable.

Health economics

Project: International symposium on the challenges of workplace injury prevention through financial incentives

Funding type: Dissemination events
Principal investigators: Emile Tompa and Ellen MacEachen Institute for Work and Health (Toronto, ON)

Drawing on a special issue of the journal Policy and Practice in Health & Safety on the topic of experience rating, the researchers hosted a symposium that brought together students, policy makers, researchers, employer organizations and worker organizations to discuss the implications of using financial incentives to prevent workplace injuries. The latest research on the effectiveness of financial incentives to prevent workplace injuries was presented and priorities for future research were identified.

For more information visit the project website. The website includes audio recordings of the keynotes and power points from many of the presentations.

Project: Testing the impact of resource availability on patterns of referral to inpatient stroke rehabilitation in Ontario

Funding type: Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship (Doctoral Award)
Principal investigator: Matthew Meyer, University of Western Ontario (London, ON)

The doctoral student is using information routinely collected from Ontario stroke patients to see if differences exist in availability of rehabilitation services depending on where the patients live.

Project: Development of an open-source diabetes economic model

Funding type: Operating Grant
Principal investigator: Daria O’Reilly, McMaster University (Hamilton, ON)

Researchers are developing a state-of-the-art diabetes economic model that will help health policy makers determine the best way to spend resources on diabetes. The researchers will use information from clinical and economic sources to create a computerized model that will simulate diabetes progression and predict whether people will experience complications and whether changes in risk factors such as high blood pressure will be able to alter the risk of future complications. The model will estimate the cost-effectiveness of various diabetes management strategies.

Project: A synthesis of international public drug plan reimbursement decision-making systems: Lessons for Canada

Funding type: Knowledge Synthesis Grant
Principal investigator: Fiona Mary Clement, University of Calgary (Calgary, AB)

Researchers will review the public drug plans used by nations within the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and then hold a meeting with Canadian decision makers to share the information and discuss opportunities for Canada to modify its existing public drug plan.

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